Szymon Bogumił Zug
born 1733, died 1807
Architect and theatrical set designer, landscaper and Saxon-style urban development. He resided in Poland from 1756 onwards. He travelled extensively through Italy twice (1754, 1771-72). Upon his arrival in Warsaw, he soon was named conservator for the Saski Palace in Warsaw, and received a noble title in 1768. He came up with numerous projects for sentimental garden landscapes (Młociny, ca.1760; Powązki, ca.1772; Mokotów, 1775; Arkadia, from 1779). He also designed an underground salon (the first in Europe) for Prince Kazimierz Poniatowski (Elizeum) and a garden in the cellars of the Palace of Franciszek Ksawery Branicki (1775-77). He designed a number of Warsaw’s palaces, including those of K. Poniatowski in Solec (1771), A. Czartoryskiego in Natolin (ca. 1780), P. Blanka (1762-64), Pod Czterema Wiatrami (1769-80), along with numerous magnate residences located outside the capital: belonging to the Radziwiłł family in Nieborów (renovated 1775 and 1780), J. Stecki in Międzyrzecz Korecki (prior to 1800), A. Jabłonowski in Kock (1778-1782). He received the majority of his commissions from the well-to-do Warsaw bourgeoisie, designing townhouses and financial institutions for i.a., the company of Rözler and G. Hurtig (1784-85), house of P. Tepper (1770) and the palace of K.Bernaux (ca. 1790). His most recognised project was the Evangelical-Augsburgh Church of the Holy Trinity (1779-81) whose forms drew upon pre-revolutionary French architecture.